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Archaebacteria Examples

Archaebacteria are primitive, single-celled microorganisms that are prokaryotes with no cell nucleus. Each archaea has the ability to live in very severe environments.
Archaebacteria are one of the six kingdoms of life: plants, animals, protists, fungi, eubacteria and archaebacteria.

Crenarchaeota Examples

One type of archaebacteria is crenarchaeota, which can live in extreme temperatures or acidity.
Examples include:

  • Acidilobus saccharovorans
  • Aeropyrum pernix
  • Desulfurococcus kamchatkensis
  • Hyperthermus butylicus
  • Igniococcus hospitalis
  • Ignisphaera aggregans
  • Pyrolobus fumarii
  • Staphylothermus hellenicus
  • Staphylothermus marinus
  • Thermosphaera aggregans
  • Acidianus hospitalis
  • Metallosphaera cuprina
  • Metallosphaera sedula
  • Sulfolobus acidocaldarius
  • Sulfolobus islandicus
  • Sulfolobus solfataricus
  • Sulfolobus tokodaii
  • Caldivirg maquilingensis
  • Pyrobaculum aerophilum
  • Pyrobaculum arsenaticum
  • Pyrobaculum calidifontis
  • Pyrobaculum islandicum
  • Thermofilum pendens
  • Thermoproteus neutrophilus
  • Thermoproteus tenax
  • Thermoproteus uzoniensis
  • Vulcanisaeta distributa
  • Vulcanisaeta moutnovskia

Euryarchaeota Examples

Another type of archaebacteria is euryarchaeota, which include ones who produce methane or live in water with a high salt content.
Examples include:

  • Archaeoglobus fulgidus
  • Archaeoglobus veneficus
  • Archaeoglobus profundus
  • Ferroglobus placidus
  • Halalkalicoccus jeotgali
  • Haloarcula hispanica
  • Haloarcula marismortui
  • Halobacterium salinarum
  • Halobiforma lacisalsi
  • Haloferax volcanii
  • Halogeometricum borinquense
  • Halomicrobium mukohataei
  • Halopiger xanaduensis
  • Haloquadratum walsbyi
  • Halorhabdus tiamatea
  • Halorhabdus utahensis
  • Halorubrum lacusprofundi
  • Haloterrigena turkmenica
  • Natrialba asiatica
  • Natrialba magadii
  • Natronomonas pharaonis
  • Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum
  • Methanobrevibacter ruminantium
  • Methanobrevibacter smithii
  • Methanosphaera stadtmanae
  • Methanothermobacter marburgensis
  • Methanothermus fervidus
  • Methanocaldococcus fervens
  • Methanocaldococcus infernus
  • Methanocaldococcus jannaschii
  • Methanocaldococcus vulcanius
  • Methanococcus aeolicus
  • Methanococcus maripaludis
  • Methanococcus vannielii
  • Methanococcus voltae
  • Methanothermococcus okinawensis
  • Methanotorris igneus
  • Candidatus Methanoregula boonei
  • Methanocella paludicola
  • Methanocella conradii
  • Methanococcoides burtonii
  • Methanocorpusculum labreanum
  • Methanoculleus marisnigri
  • Methanohalobium evestigatum
  • Methanohalophilus mahii
  • Methanoplanus petrolearius
  • Methanosalsum zhilinae
  • Methanosaeta concilii
  • Methanosaeta harundinacea
  • Methanosaeta thermophila
  • Methanosarcina acetivorans
  • Methanosarcina barkeri
  • Methanosarcina mazei
  • Methanosphaerula palustris
  • Methanospirillum hungatei
  • Methanopyrus kandleri
  • Pyrococcus abyssi
  • Pyrococcus furiosus
  • Pyrococcus horikoshii
  • Pyrococcus yayanosii
  • Thermococcus barophilus
  • Thermococcus gammatolerans
  • Thermococcus kodakaraensis
  • Thermococcus onnurineus
  • Thermococcus sibiricus
  • Ferroplasma acidarmanus
  • Picrophilus torridus
  • Thermoplasma acidophilum
  • Thermoplasma volcanium

Methanogen Examples

Methanogens are archaeabacteria that produce methane gas as a metabolic byproduct in areas of low oxygen content. They are found in human intestines, wetlands, hot springs or geothermal vents.
Examples include these strains:

  • Methanobacterium bryantii
  • Methanobacterium formicum
  • Methanobrevibacter arboriphilicus
  • Methanobrevibacter gottschalkii
  • Methanobrevibacter ruminantium
  • Methanobrevibacter smithii
  • Methanocalculus chunghsingensis
  • Methanococcoides burtonii
  • Methanococcus aeolicus
  • Methanococcus deltae
  • Methanococcus jannaschii
  • Methanococcus maripaludis
  • Methanococcus vannielii
  • Methanocorpusculum labreanum
  • Methanoculleus bourgensis
  • Methanoculleus marisnigri
  • Methanofollis liminatans
  • Methanogenium cariaci
  • Methanogenium frigidum
  • Methanogenium organophilum
  • Methanogenium wolfei
  • Methanomicrobium mobile
  • Methanopyrus kandleri
  • Methanoregula boonei
  • Methanosaeta concilii
  • Methanosaeta thermophila
  • Methanosarcina acetivorans
  • Methanosarcina barkeri
  • Methanosarcina mazei
  • Methanosphaera stadtmanae
  • Methanospirillium hungatei
  • Methanothermobacter defluvii
  • Methanothermobacter thermautotrophicus
  • Methanothermobacter thermoflexus
  • Methanothermobacter wolfei
  • Methanothrix sochngenii

Halobacteriaceae Examples

Halobacteriaceae are archaebacteria that live in highly-saturated salty environments.
Examples include:

  • Haladaptatus
  • Halalkalicoccus
  • Halarchaeum
  • Haloalcalophilium
  • Haloarcula
  • Halobacterium
  • Halobaculum
  • Halobellus
  • Halobiforma
  • Halococcus
  • Haloferax
  • Halogeometricum
  • Halogranum
  • Halolamina
  • Halomarina
  • Halomicrobium
  • Halonotius
  • Halopelagius
  • Halopiger
  • Haloplanus
  • Haloquadratum
  • Halorhabdus
  • Halorientalis
  • Halorubrum
  • Halorussus
  • Halosarcina
  • Halosimplex
  • Halostagnicola
  • Haloterrigena
  • Halovivax
  • Natrialba
  • Natrinema
  • Natronoarchaeum
  • Natronobacterium
  • Natronococcus
  • Natronolimnobius
  • Natronomonas
  • Natronorubrum
  • Salarchaeum

Thermophiles Examples

Thermophiles are archaebacteria that live at extremely hot temperatures, as in geothermal environments.
Examples of species of the genus Sulfolobus include:

  • Sulfolobus acidocaldarius
  • Sulfolobus islandicus
  • Sulfolobus metallicus
  • Sulfolobus neozealandicus
  • Sulfolobus shibatae
  • Sulfolobus solfataricus
  • Sulfolobus tengchongensis
  • Sulfolobus thuringiensis
  • Sulfolobus tokodaii
  • Sulfolobus yangmingensis

Psychrophiles Examples

Psychrophiles are archaebacteria that thrive in extremely cold temperatures from a polar region to the deep sea.
Examples include:

  • Methanogenium boonei
  • Methanogenium cariaci
  • Methanogenium frigidum
  • Methanogenium marinum
  • Methanogenium organophilum
  • Methanococcoides burtonii
  • Methanococcus aeolicus
  • Methanococcus maripaludis
  • Methanococcus vannielii
  • Methanococcus voltae
  • Methanococcus thermolithotrophicus
  • Methanococcus jannaschi

Other Archaebacteria Examples

  • Candidatus Korarchaeum cryptofilum
  • Nanoarchaeum equitans
  • Cenarchaeum symbiosum – Strain A
  • Cenarchaeum symbiosum – Strain B
  • Candidatus Nitrosoarchaeum limnia
  • Nitrosopumilus maritimus

These different examples of archaebacteria have unusual cell walls, membranes, ribosomes and RNA sequences. They tend to have the ability to produce methane.



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