physical property is any property of matter or energy that can be measured. It is an attribute of matter that can be observed or perceived.

Common Physical Properties

  • Absorption of electromagnetic – The way a photon’s energy is taken up by matter
  • Absorption (physical) – Absorption between two forms of matter
  • Albedo – Reflecting power of a surface
  • Angular momentum – The amount of rotation of an object
  • Area – Amount of a two dimensional surface in a plane
  • Brittleness – Tendency of a material to break under stress
  • Boiling point – Temperature where a liquid forms vapor
  • Capacitance – Ability of an object to store an electrical charge
  • Color – Hue of an object as perceived by humans
  • Concentration – Amount of one substance in a mixture
  • Density – Mass per unit volume of a substance
  • Dielectric constant – Storage and dissipation of electric and magnetic energy
  • Ductility – Ability of a substance to be stretched into a wire
  • Distribution – Number of particles per unit volume in single-particle phase space
  • Efficacy – Capacity to produce an effect
  • Elasticity – Tendency of a material to return to its former shape
  • Electric charge – Positive or negative electric charge of matter
  • Electrical conductivity – A material’s ability to conduct electricity
  • Electrical impedance – Ratio of voltage to AC
  • Electrical resistivity – How strongly a flow of electric current is opposed
  • Electric field – Made by electrically charged particles and time-varying magnetic fields.
  • Electric potential – Potential energy of a charged particle divided by the charge
  • Emission – Spectrum of frequencies of electromagnetic radiation emitted
  • Flexibility – Pliability
  • Flow rate – Amount of fluid which passes through a surface per unit time.
  • Fluidity – Flows easily
  • Freezing point – Temperature where a liquid solidifies
  • Frequency – Number of repetitions in a given time frame
  • Hardness – How resistant solid matter is to external force
  • Inductance – When the current changes, the conductor creates voltage
  • Intrinsic impedance – Ratio of electric and magnetic fields in an electromagnetic wave
  • Intensity – Power transferred per unit area
  • Irradiance – Power of electromagnetic radiation per unit area
  • Length – Longest dimension of an object
  • Location – Place where something exists
  • Luminance – Amount of light that passes through a given area
  • Luminescence – Emission of light not resulting from heat
  • Luster – The way light interacts with the surface of a crystal, mineral or rock
  • Malleability – Ability to form a thin sheet by hammering or rolling a material
  • Magnetic moment – Force that the magnet exerts on electric currents and the torque that a magnetic field exerts on it
  • Mass – An object’s resistance to being accelerated
  • Melting point – Temperature where a solid changes to a liquid
  • Momentum – Product of the mass and velocity of an object
  • Permeability – Ability of a material to support a magnetic field
  • Smell – Scent or odor of a substance
  • Solubility – Ability of a substance to dissolve
  • Specific heat – Heat capacity per unit mass of a material
  • Temperature – Numerical measure of heat and cold
  • Thermal conductivity – Property of a material to conduct heat
  • Velocity – Rate of change in the position of an object
  • Viscosity – Resistance to deformation by stress
  • Volume – Space that a substance occupies

Now you have seen many different examples of physical properties.  Remember, what all they have in common is that they can be measured.

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