Recent Advances in VIP Physiology and Pathophysiology

Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) is a 28-residue amino acid peptide initially isolated from porcine duodenum and first characterized in 1970 [1]. A member of the secretin/glucagon hormone superfamily [1,2], VIP is evolutionarily well conserved with sequence homology among fish, frogs, and humans [3]; for mammals, except for guinea pigs and chickens [4], the sequence homology…

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Physical and Psychological Effects of Long Term Injury on Tennis Players

The physical and psychological effects of long term injury on nonprofessional and semiprofessional tennis players Background (500 words) 393 Sports injuries are an unfortunate and prevalent side effect to taking part in athletic competition. If not treated properly, injuries endured while playing a sport couldn’t just have a negative impact on your performance, as well…

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Reduction of Anterior Shoulder Dislocation: The External Rotation Method

Assignment:   Reduction of Anterior Shoulder Dislocation: The External Rotation Method Vs The Milch Method   Introduction There are a variety of glenohumeral shoulder dislocation types and this literature review will specifically concentrate on Anterior Shoulder Dislocation (ASD) treatment. The first documented shoulder dislocation comes from as early as 3000BC, with murals depicting the Kocher…

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Detection of Aseptic Loosening in Total Knee Replacements

Detection of aseptic loosening in total knee replacements: a systematic review and meta-analysis Introduction Total knee replacements are an effective surgery for osteoarthritis[1]. Last year, over 55,000 operations were performed in Australia[2]. Aseptic loosening is the most common reason for revision of primary total knee replacements in Australia and remains the major factor limiting the…

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Physiology of the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems

Exercise Physiology Practical Report 2018 Introduction                                                                                                 This report outlines the results and analysis of an experiment to study the physiology of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems and how they respond to short periods of exercise. The cardiovascular system consists of three major components: blood, the heart and blood vessels (Tortora and Derrickson, 2017, p.6) and…

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Influence of Kinematic and Kinetic Inter-limb Asymmetry on Injuries

Critically review the biomechanics literature to design a suitable protocol for assessing kinematic and kinetic inter-limb asymmetry and its influence on either performance or injury ‘Kinetic and kinematic inter-limb asymmetry analysis of the knee joint during countermovement jumps in female football players with and without previous ACL injuries’ Rationale: previous research looks at cause and…

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EMG Activity of Leg Muscles with Knee Pain during Islamic Prayer (Salat)

EMG Activity of Leg Muscles with Knee Pain during Islamic Prayer (Salat) Abstract— Knee pain often disrupts the performance of Islamic prayer (Salat). Development of rehabilitation tool for Muslim population with knee pain has become an increasing demand. Electromyogrpahic (EMG) activity of knee muscles may be an assessment tool of such rehabilitation technology. In this…

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Dynamics of Bone Loss in Cases with Acute or Chronic Apical Abscess

Dynamics of Bone Loss in Cases with Acute or Chronic Apical Abscess   Introduction: Acute and chronic apical abscesses are two dramatic ways that periradicular tissues may react to pulpal infection and necrosis. Although both of these clinical states are the response to pulpal infection, their clinical manifestations are significantly different. It is not clear…

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Cardiovascular Effects of the -adrenergic Receptor Antagonist Pindolol on Heart Rate

A single blinded non-crossover investigation into the cardiovascular effects of the -adrenergic receptor antagonist pindolol on heart rate and systolic blood pressure during exercise on a cohort of second year medical students Introduction: During exercise, our body has higher requirements for oxygen and energy. The cardiovascular system adjusts to these demands by increasing the heart…

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Role of Non-adrenergic, Non-cholinergic Transmitters in the Autonomic Nervous System

THE ROLE OF NON-ADRENERGIC, NON-CHOLINERGIC (NANC) TRANSMITTERS IN THE AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM. The transmission of electrical signals from presynaptic junction to postsynaptic terminal that bring about action potentials through depolarization of cells between nerve and muscle are generally powered by neurotransmitters. The contraction and relaxation of smooth muscle cells of the visceral organs are under the…

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Identifying Developmental Trajectories of Body Mass Index in Childhood

The study I decided to write on, Identifying developmental trajectories of body mass index in childhood using latent class growth (mixture) modelling: associations with dietary, sedentary and physical activity behaviors: a longitudinal study” (Koning, 2016), is a longitudinal study tracking the correlation between habits and social circumstances and the body mass index to glean whether…

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Physical Responses to Pain

Different stimuli applied to the skin can cause tissue damage, and information about this damage is conveyed to the brain via specific pathways. The resulting pain can be either acute or chronic. Describe briefly, the difference between acute and chronic pain (10%). Describe the primary afferent and central pathways that convey information about acute (transient)…

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Exercise Program for Reducing Fall Risk in Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy Patient

CASE REPORT PROPOSAL Title of Case Report: Is Otago exercise program effective for reducing fall risk in patient with Diabetic peripheral neuropathy? Type of Case Report: Case report focusing on intervention Background and Purpose Statement: Peripheral neuropathy is one of the most common complications in patients with Diabetes. (Deshpande, Harris-Hayes, & Schootman, 2008) Neuropathy can lead…

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Physiology Essays – Plant Physiology Biology

This essay was produced by one of our professional writers as a learning aid to help you with your studies Plant Physiology Biology Introduction In the study of general biology, a number of fields such as plant anatomy, plant taxonomy, plant physiology, comparative ecosystems, comparative animal physiology, neurophysiology, physiological ecology, endocrinology, and principles of electronic…

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