Airborne infectious disease

Tuberculosis (TB) is an airborne infectious disease which is caused by bacteria belonging to Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex1. There are approximately one third of the world’s population are infected with tuberculosis where nine millions of new cases reported annually2. Although tuberculosis is essentially curable and preventable, it continues to cause millions of deaths every year2. When…

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Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS): Physiology & Treatment

 Reference this Share this: Facebook  Twitter  Reddit  LinkedIn  WhatsApp   Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: Physiological traits Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) more commonly referred to as Lou Gehrig’s disease, is a progressive and deadly disease. Many with ALS experience grief and many families of those affected endure the same. At present medical science has demonstrated great potential in finding a workable cure or…

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Angina pectoris

1.0 Summary Angina pectoris is the chest discomfort which occurs when the heart muscle could not received sufficient oxygenated blood. It is due to atherosclerosis which is the buildup of the plaque at the coronary arteries that reduce the flow of blood to the heart. Also, angina can leads a patient to heart disease such…

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Annotated Bibliography: Effect of Exercise on Motor Skills and Cognition of Pre-Adolescents

 Reference this Share this: Facebook  Twitter  Reddit  LinkedIn  WhatsApp   Annotated Bibliography (Updated/Edited) PICO: In pre-adolescent children, how does exercise affect the development of motor skills and cognitive function compared to being sedentary? Introduction: Pre-adolescence is a crucial time for growth and development. Throughout childhood, motor, cognitive, and social skills are continuously developing. Advancements in these areas occur with play, socializing, exercise,…

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Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tears: Causes, Prevention and Gender Differences

 Reference this Share this: Facebook  Twitter  Reddit  LinkedIn  WhatsApp   Anterior cruciate ligament, ACL, tears are two to four times higher in female athletes than in males.1 That is a significant difference. One might find themselves asking why this is so much higher. To that person, my advice would be to read this riveting research paper and find out. This paper will…

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Article Review: Effectiveness of Acupuncture for Lower Back Pain

 Reference this Share this: Facebook  Twitter  Reddit  LinkedIn  WhatsApp   Three Article title and source being reviewed: Lee, J., Choi, T., Lee, S., Shin, C., Lee, H. Acupuncture for acute low back pain: a systematic review (2013) Clinical Journal of Pain. Feb;29(2):172-85. doi: 10.1097/AJP.0b013e31824909f9. Hopton, A., Thomas, K., MacPherson, H. (2013) The Acceptability of Acupuncture for Low Back Pain: A Qualitative Study…

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Body Shape and Gender

Body Shape and Gender differences in ratings. Introduction Body image is the way people perceive themselves and equally important, the way they think others perceive them. Body image is constantly changing, and is always being modified by biological growth, trauma, or decline. It is also significantly influenced and moulded by life circumstances which bring about…

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Calculating Blood Components of Cholesterol Research Design

 Reference this Share this: Facebook  Twitter  Reddit  LinkedIn  WhatsApp   Good health is absolutely important to a human being and to remain healthy people need to check their blood level parameters. Cholesterol is a very important constituent of over100 constituents in human blood. It is important to develop an instrument wherein blood parameters can be calculated which will be non-invasive, user…

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Causes and Consequences of Increased Intracranial Pressure

 Reference this Share this: Facebook  Twitter  Reddit  LinkedIn  WhatsApp   CONSEQUENCES OF INCREASED INTRACRANIAL PRESSURE What is the Intracranial Pressure? Intracranial Pressure (ICP) is the hydrostatic pressure of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the subarachnoid space [4]. Cerebrospinal fluid is a watery fluid circulating in the subarachnoid space surrounding the brain and the spinal cord. This fluid is synthesized by the choroid…

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Detection of Aseptic Loosening in Total Knee Replacements

 Reference this Share this: Facebook  Twitter  Reddit  LinkedIn  WhatsApp   Detection of aseptic loosening in total knee replacements: a systematic review and meta-analysis Introduction Total knee replacements are an effective surgery for osteoarthritis[1]. Last year, over 55,000 operations were performed in Australia[2]. Aseptic loosening is the most common reason for revision of primary total knee replacements in Australia and remains the…

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De van Mesdag kliniek

Beschrijving van de instelling[1] De van Mesdag kliniek is een zelfstandig forensisch psychiatrisch centrum, oftewel, een TBS-kliniek. Sinds twee jaar valt deze niet meer onder justitie. Echter, heeft de behandeling binnen deze kliniek hetzelfde doel als behandelingen binnen justitiële TBS-inrichtingen. Behandeling in een TBS kliniek is gericht op het afnemen van delictgevaarlijk gedrag, inzicht krijgen…

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Direct-Instruction Tutoring for Academic Performance

Using Direct-Instruction Tutoring to Improve Academic Performance in Out-Of-Home Care Children Social Policy Proposal Differences in academic achievement is a concept greatly studied in social psychology. There exists a cornucopia of studies investigating issues surrounding the concept with relation to gender, generational, ethnic and class differences (Gil & Carvalho, 2016, Duong, Badaly, Liu, Schwartz, Mccarty,…

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Do People Who Exercise Regularly Have a Greater Lung Capacity?

 Reference this Share this: Facebook  Twitter  Reddit  LinkedIn  WhatsApp   Question: Do people who exercise regularly have a greater lung capacity? Problem: Unhealthy lifestyle habits of not completing sufficient amounts of exercise daily can inevitably lead to large scale ramifications upon the lungs functions in a decrease production of air. Aim: To determine whether those who exercise have a greater lung…

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Dynamics of Bone Loss in Cases with Acute or Chronic Apical Abscess

 Reference this Share this: Facebook  Twitter  Reddit  LinkedIn  WhatsApp   Dynamics of Bone Loss in Cases with Acute or Chronic Apical Abscess   Introduction: Acute and chronic apical abscesses are two dramatic ways that periradicular tissues may react to pulpal infection and necrosis. Although both of these clinical states are the response to pulpal infection, their clinical manifestations are significantly different.…

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Effect of Fat: Assessment of Apparent Diffusion Coefficient

 Reference this Share this: Facebook  Twitter  Reddit  LinkedIn  WhatsApp   Abstract Objectives: Recent studies have indicated that excessive fat may confound assessment of diffusion in organs with high fat content, such as the liver and breast. However, the extent of this effect in the kidney, which is not considered a major fat deposition site, remains unclear. This study tested the hypothesis that…

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Effect of Glucocorticoids on Serum Level of Omentin-1

Effect of glucocorticoids on serum level of omentin-1 and the possible link with insulin resistance in rats Khaled Abdelfattah Abdelhamid Abulfadle ABSTRACT Background: Omentin-1 is an adipokine that decreases insulin resistance and its level is affected by body weight and serum adiponectin level changes, while, glucocorticoids are steroid hormones, secreted by adrenal cortex, affected insulin resistance,…

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Effectiveness of Pre-Workout on Bench Press and Deadlift Repetitions to Failure

 Reference this Share this: Facebook  Twitter  Reddit  LinkedIn  WhatsApp   The Acute Effectiveness of Pre-Workout Supplements upon repetition to failure (lower and upper body) Repetitions to failure at 75% 1RM (maximum 15 reps) bench press and deadlift performance. Introduction   The consumption pre-workout ergogenic are saturated in the sporting world; it has been on the increase in terms of popularity and…

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Effectiveness of Reduced Carbohydrate Intake

Introduction/Background The ketogenic diet proposes a reduction of carbohydrate intake, replaced with high fat. Studies convey that low carbohydrate diets promote a higher degree of short term weight loss than conventional low fat diets (Manninen, 2004). Moreover, reductions in fasting blood lipids and insulin concentrations are greater in low carbohydrate diets (Manninen, 2004). Fundamentally, the…

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Effect of Added Weight on Ground Reaction Force and Joint Angles of the Knee

 Reference this Share this: Facebook  Twitter  Reddit  LinkedIn  WhatsApp   The Effect of Added Weight on Ground Reaction Force and Joint Angles of the Knee during Drop Jump Landing Introduction For a good successful drop landing, athletes will require, good muscle strength, stability and further capabilities of the major joints, these are all vital factors which will impact the defense against injury to…

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Effect of Caffeine on Adolescent Psychological and Physiological Health

 Reference this Share this: Facebook  Twitter  Reddit  LinkedIn  WhatsApp   Caffeine is the world’s most popular drug, with 90% of adult North Americans consuming it daily[1]. Furthermore, adolescents are the fastest growing population of caffeine consumers, with a study by Brazier indicating 83.2% of teenagers consume caffeinated beverages regularly[2]. Caffeine is classed as a psychoactive stimulant, however unlike the majority of…

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Effect of Holding Breath on Blood Flow

CARDIOVASCULAR PRACTICAL WRITE-UP   ABSTRACT Humans exhibit a complex physiological response to various stimuli in order to survive. The Valsalva manoeuvre increases the intrathoracic pressure and reduces venous return, cardiac output and arterial pressure. Facial immersion results in bradycardia, peripheral vasoconstriction, apnoea and hypoxia. Breath holding has a similar effect to facial immersion. An ECG…

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Effects and Functions of an Electrocardiogram Under the Influence of Exercise

 Reference this Share this: Facebook  Twitter  Reddit  LinkedIn  WhatsApp   Abstract This lab examines the specific sections of a typical sinus rhythm through the use of an electrocardiogram (ECG). An ECG is a measuring tool that monitors and examines the heart’s electrical activity. To examine the significance of exercise on the heart, the ECG is utilized. Heart rate of 27 subjects…

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Effects of Amphetamines on Dopamine Neurotransmitter Systems

 Reference this Share this: Facebook  Twitter  Reddit  LinkedIn  WhatsApp   The link between a drug’s effect on an individual’s dopamine neurotransmitter system and potential for it to lead to a cycle of addiction and relapse has been well documented by many researchers. This paper will first discuss the function of the dopamine neurotransmitter system and how it is affected by Amphetamine,…

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Effects of Caffeine on Repeated Freestyle Sprints in Elite Male Swimmers

 Reference this Share this: Facebook  Twitter  Reddit  LinkedIn  WhatsApp   Clinical Trial — CONSORT evaluation Title and Abstract CONSORT item 1a (Schulz, Altman, &Mohar, 2010) identifies that, caffeine ingestion improves repeated freestyle sprints in elite male swimmers were non-randomised controlled trials (RCTs) (Goods, Landers and Fulton, 2017). The Abstract complies with CONSORT item 1b. The structured summary of trial design is…

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