Critically assess the strengths and weaknesses of personal construct

In social psychology, individual difference research aims to find out why individuals act differently in the same scenarios (Butt, 2007). This essay will be looking at two different theories which study and interpret individual differences to personality in two different ways. Kelly’s (1955, cited in Butt, 2007; Stevens, 2002) personal construct theory and Eysenck and…

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Correlations Between Iq Scores And Academic Performance Psychology Essay

Anastasi noted declining correlations between IQ scores and academic performance with increasing levels of educational attainment. Specifically, the correlations between the two constructs declined from r = .70 in elementary school to r = .50 in secondary school and to r = .40 in college (Chamorro-Premuzic & Furnham, 2005). Within postsecondary education itself, there is…

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Corrections for Range Restriction and Attenuation Effects

One of the most pervasive methodological problems in the educational and psychological field entails determination of the techniques which are to be used in assessing the nature and strength of the relationship between various measures. Of course, the correlation coefficient has provided the field with a viable statistical tool for solving this problem. Unfortunately, in…

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Continuing Personal And Professional Development Psychology Essay

Self awareness is obtaining understanding of ones core values, identity, emotions, motives and goals. Duval and Wicklund further defined self awareness as the attention state where the individual directs their conscious attention to some aspect of their selves. (Duval, 1972) It is considered self awareness also incorporates the identification and acknowledgement of one’s strength’s as…

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Comparison of three different Developmental Theories

This paper will compare and contrast three developmental theories we have learned about throughout this class: social learning theory, psychoanalytic theory, and the psychosocial theory. Developmental theories are beneficial to understand the behavior of a child, and though some may seem very different, they can share many similarities. These theories help people to understand the…

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Compare contrast and evaluate two psychotherapeutic approaches

Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) and psychodynamic therapy are the most commonly used psychotherapeutic treatments of mental disorders in adults (Goisman et al., 1999).Both will be described as defined by their primary therapeutic aims, theoretical backgrounds and some of the more blatant differences that make them such conflicting approaches, after which they will be evaluated in terms…

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Compare and contrast the models of therapeutic relationship

The importance of an effective therapeutic relationship in successful psychotherapy is without question and can be traced back to the most fundamental aspects of a ‘relationship’ in society. Indeed, one of the great determinants of social well-being and happiness stems from the ability to form close relationships with others, illustrated by the concept of ‘support…

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Cognitive psychology, retention and learning transfer

The way information has been retained and transferred into meaningful output has baffled the minds of Cognitive Psychologists for decades. It is in an effort to discover how this becomes possible that various Cognitive Psychologists have developed hypotheses and presented models. Estes, (1975) posited that some learning theories support hypotheses that are based on instruction…

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Cognitive behavioral therapy in treating aggressive behavior disorder

This paper will briefly look at the use of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in the treatment of a social suborder known as aggressive behaviour disorder. The findings of American Psychiatric Association Journal, 2000 will be discussed and more background information will be derived from the books by American Psychiatric Association Journal (2000) and it will…

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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Cbt Psychology Essay

CBT is assumed. In treating a variety of conditions, including mood, anxiety, personality disorders, substance abuse, and psychotic disorders Many treatment programs for specific disorders to evaluate the efficacy CBT, the trend of medical treatment on evidence, which recommended specific treatments for symptom-based diagnosis has CBT approaches such as psychodynamic treatments favors. CBT was developed…

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Clark Beck Obsessive compulsive inventory Test

Clack Beck Obsessive compulsive inventory test intent to find out relationship between one’s personality disorder and how it affects one’s interpersonal relation. This research has two main purposes. First, this study will observe the relation between personality disorder and interpersonal troubles by using information gather from one’s self report and group of people who relate…

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Choosing between mischel and rotters explaining personality

Both Julian Rotter and Walter Mischel proposed the social cognitive approach to personality. Known as social cognitive theorists, Mischel and Rotter suggested that conscious thoughts and emotions determine the difference between people and guide the way they behave (Mischel, 2004). The social cognitive approach is not based on the description of an individual’s personality rather…

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Child Obesity Is A Modern Global Epidemic Psychology Essay

Child obesity is a modern global epidemic. A multitude of factors that shape the obesogenic environment make children susceptible to obesity; parental misperception may be one of them (Doolen, Alpert & MIller, 2008). Its prevention and treatment with particular focus on overweight and obesity affecting toddler and pre-school age children are urgent priority concerns for…

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Child Development Theories

a child’s maturity. Of these theories, there are three great works that delve into the core of a child’s psychoanalytic and cognitive development. The great philosophers’ and psychologists’ Sigmund Freud, Eric Erikson, and Jean Piaget, developed stage centered milestones in which children should realize to ensure that they reach their full psychosexual, psychosocial, and cognitive…

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Brief History Of Positive Psychology Psychology Essay

The advent of positive psychology as we know it today can be traced back to Martin E. P. Seligmans 1998 Presidential Address to the American Psychological Association (Seligman, 1999). Following a serendipitous holiday meeting between Seligman and Csikszentmihalyi in winter 1997 (Csikszentmihalyi, 2003), and an epiphanic moment when gardening with his daughter Nikki (Seligman &…

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