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Impact of Climate Change on the Tourism Industry

Tourism industry is the main source the world’s economy. Some of the countries in the world just depends on the tourism industry. Tourist like to visit at destination due to its unique climate. So, change in climate has negative affect the tourism industry. In this report we will discuss about what is tourism and the history of the tourism. The report will also cover what is the present state of tourism and how climate change will affect tourism in the coming years and what human activities causing this change in climate. In final step, we will show how extreme weather events can affect the economy with some evidences.

Although many of us are “tourists” in some places of our life, tourism is difficult to understand. Tourism is about pulling people out of their normal environment for entertainment, business or other purposes. Number of people decide to travel every day. Such decisions are important for well-being. In some counties, tourism is the main source of income. Tourism produce billions of dollars’ worth of global values, so this is a major factor in the global economy. In 2017, the direct contribution of GDP from travel and tourism was $ 2,570.1 billion (3.2% of GDP) and it increased to $ 2.27474.2 billion (4.0% of GDP) in 2018.

Tourism activity is at least 2,000 years old. It began when the wealthy citizens of ancient Rome decided to spend their summer away from the city and visit to the countryside and the shores. The industry became popular and gradually succeeded in the early nineteenth century. But for the most part, it was expensive and limited to a few rentals. Then everything changed. In the 1960s, a growing number of people had disposable income and wanted, with this extra money, to adopt a different way of life. At the same time, a reasonably priced commercial aircraft could accommodate passengers from all the world’s airports and incoming passengers.

Hurricane Irma is the strongest Atlantic basin hurricane ever recorded outside the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. Irma battered Florida on Sept. 10, 2017, leaving a trail of tornadoes and storm-surge flooding as it slowly moved inland. Historically, one fifth of the annual hotel room income is provided from September to November. The lowest share of tourism activity is earned during the month September.

The travel industry depends on stable climate more than any other industry. To attract customers to lavish lake, beautiful beaches or awesome mountains stable climate play an important role. But from last some years climate is changing rapidly. This change in climate can cause of more extreme weather events like tsunamis, wildfire and, disappearing polar ice etc. The extreme weather has already shown its impact on so many tourism-based places for example in Florida and, Kerala (as explained above). There is not any control seen on climate change and it will cause more extreme weather events. So, this can cause the decline in the tourism industry in future.

There are many reasons why the extreme weather events will increase. But the deforestation is the main one. No doubt, the forests still cover almost 30% of the earth. But this percentage is now decreasing with the alarming rate.

As we all know, trees play vital role to absorb not just carbon dioxide but other greenhouses gases also that cause heat trapping in the environment. Trees help to maintain climate. With the decreasing number of trees greenhouses gases increase. The second reason is the increasing number of factories and vehicles. People use coil, oil and gas to run these factories and vehicles. These things also emit greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide). Greenhouse gases cause of global warming. Glacial are melting with Global warming and the level of sea is rising. This rising see level will cause more floods, storms and, tsunamis. The chances of global warming will also increase with increasing global warming.

The increase of extreme weather events will have both directly and indirectly negative impact on economy. For instance, if any place will suffer from flood. Hotels, restaurants and, other businesses that are established to servicing will not get customers during that time. The area will spend money to rebuild the damage cause by the extreme weather event also. So, with the increase extreme weather event economy will go down.

To conclude, tourism is extremely depending on climate and weather. The change in climate has wide effect on the economy. According to the graph, in 2017, there is decline in Florida economy is noticed due to the Irma. Florida lost almost 2.5billion dollars relative to the counterfactual scenario. The graph also clarifies how everything is affected with the change in climate. So, it is now important to control the factors that cause to change in climate. Otherwise, this calamity will not just destroy the tourism industry but the whole life on earth.

Tourism industry is the main source the world’s economy. Some of the countries in the world just depends on the tourism industry. Tourist like to visit at destination due to its unique climate. So, change in climate has negative affect the tourism industry. In this report we will discuss about what is tourism and the history of the tourism. The report will also cover what is the present state of tourism and how climate change will affect tourism in the coming years and what human activities causing this change in climate. In final step, we will show how extreme weather events can affect the economy with some evidences.



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